(1)要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 A.有一些人认为。。。 B.另一些人认为。。。 C.我的看法。。。 The topic of X--- (主题)
is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason -----------------(支持A的理由一)What is more, -------------(理由二). Moreover, ---------------(理由三).
While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),--------------(理由三).
From my point of view, I think ----------------(我的观点). The reason is that --------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former/latter is surely a wise choice .
(2给出一个观点，要求考生反对这一观点 Some people believe that ①----------------(观点一). For example, they think ②-----------------(举
例说明).And it will bring them ③-----------------(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤-----------------(反对的理由之二).
Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥------------------(总结我对文章所讨论主题的看法).
1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义. 2. 分析并举例使其更充实.
The good old proverb ----------------(名言或谚语)reminds us that ----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it.
First of all,-----------------(理由一). For example, -------------------(明). Secondly,----------------(理由二). Another case is that ---------------(明). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三).
In my opinion, ----------------(我的观点). In short, whatever you do, please remember the saying------A. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.
1. 问题现状 2.怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)
In recent days, we have to face the problem X, which is becoming more and more serious. First, --
Confronted with X, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, --------(解决方法一). For another thing,--------(解决方法二). Finally, --------(解决方法三).Personally, I believe that ------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because -------(带来的好处).
这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状，再对比事物本身的利弊，有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发，最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测) 1说明事物现状 2事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)3你对现状(或前景)的看法 Nowadays many people prefer X because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First，----------------(X的优点之一). Besides，-------------------(X的优点之二).
But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(X的第一个缺点或坏处).To make matters worse,------------------(X的第二个缺点或坏处).
Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive/negtive aspects overweigh the negative/posetive ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法).
(From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of X, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only in this way+倒装句---------------(对前景的预测).)
(1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 )
There is a widespread concern over the issue __X
_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ (观点一)________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___(原因一)_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___(原因二)_____. So it goes without saying that ___(观点一)_____.
People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that ___(观点二)_______. In their point of view, on the one hand， ___(原因一)_______. On the other hand, ____(原因二)_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___(观点二)______.
As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __(观点一或二)______. It is not only because ________(原因一), but also because _________(原因二). The more _______, the more ________.
Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___X(作文题目)______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __X(题目议题)
_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___(优点一)______. And secondly ___(优点二)_____. Just as a popular saying goes,
To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __(
题)____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____(讨论议题)___.
( 3 ) 答题性议论文
Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__X(
目)_______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem.
As we know， there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __(途径一)______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___(途径二)_____.
Above all, to solve the problem of ___X(作文题目)______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____(方法)____.
( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文
It is well known to us that the proverb:
A case in point is ___
______. Therefore, it goes without saying that it is of great importance to practice the proverb ____X(谚语)_____.
With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____X(谚语)_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.
As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage intable(graph/picture/pie/chart), ___X(作文题
)_____ has been a rise/ decrease /increase/drop
significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.There are at least two good reasons accounting for it. On the one hand, ________. On the other hand,________. _______ is due to the fact that ________. In
addition, ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.
As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.
Recently what amazes us most is_______X_______,it is true that__________.There are many reasons explaining ________X________.The main reason is____________________.what is more,_____________. Thirdly, _________________.As a result,_______________.Considering all these____________________.For one thing, _______________,for another, ____________. In Conclusion, ____________________
A proberb says, “ You are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言) It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言) As everyone knows, No one can deny that„
According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.
Travel by Bike
根据最近的一项统计调查显示，在某个大学，学生的课余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。 Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?
A recent statistics shows that „
1. 结尾万能公式一：如此结论 Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others. 如果读者很难“显而见之”，但说无妨，就当读者的眼光太浅罢了! 更多过渡短语：
to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus 更多句型：
Thus, it can be concluded that„, Therefore, we can find that„
Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.
Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.
Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.
写作的“七项基本原则”： 一、 长 短 句原则
creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet theprimary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectualneed of mind, they are in a way quite similar.
二、 主 题 句原则
To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.
三、 一 二 三原则
1)first, second, third, last(不推荐，原因：俗)
2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐，原因：俗)
3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐，原因：俗)
4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐，原因：俗) 5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐) 6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)
7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐) 8)most important of all, moreover, finally
9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况) 10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)
I cannot bear it. 可以用短语表达：I cannot put up with it.
I want it. 可以用短语表达：I am looking forward to it.
写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西，不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词，少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候，不应该之说nice这样空洞的词，应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如：
走出房间，general的词是：walk out of the room 但是小偷走出房间应该说：slip out of the room 小姐走出房间应该说：sail out of the room 小孩走出房间应该说：dance out of the room 老人走出房间应该说：stagger out of the room
I enjor music and he is fond of playing guitar.
Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.
besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover
The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition. The coat was thin, but it was warm.
despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding
3)因果(so, so, so)
讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序，先什么，后什么，所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系! The snow began to fall, so we went home.
then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that
举例：This is what I can do.
Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.
同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分： When to go, Why he goes away„
The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.
I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.
Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.
很简单，同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中，但是whom or that 关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。
Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.
Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.
We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (气势恢宏)
The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills. Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.
思维短路，举实例!提出一个观点，举实例!提出一个方案，举实例!而且者也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式，任何情况下，只要我们无法继续文章，不管三七二十一，尽管举例子! Inorder to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted everypossible stimulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light,colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, toadvertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress tosit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fimehim or her.rast
To take „ as an example, One example is„, Another example is„, for example
世界上没有相同的树叶，文章亦同，只有通过比较，你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语：
in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner
on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with „, „
这个对 compare and contrast 题型很有用
没话说了，可以换一句话再说，让你的文章在多一些字，让读者更充分的理解你的观点。 实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!
I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you.
I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you.
I cannot bear it.
可以用短语表达：I cannot put up with it.
因此可以这样说：I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.
in more difficult language, in simpler